Burning of crop residues is being practiced by most of the farmers in Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh which cause serious health and environmental problems. After much research and efforts by Government of India and Agricultural Universities, the following machines for management of crop residues have been developed which can provide sustainable benefit to both farmers and environment.
Machines for In-Situ Management of Crop Residues
|Name and Function||Cost (Approx.)||Subsidy (Max.)||Picture|
|Super Straw Management System (Super SMS)
The Super SMS cuts the straw in small pieces and scatters it around behind the tail of the combine.
This is an additional straw management system that could be fitted to self-propelled combine harvesters
|Rs. 1,00,000 to 1,25,000||Rs. 56,000|
The machine can be used to cut low lying grasses, shrubs and other crop residues.
|Rs. 42,000||Rs. 22,400|
|Hydraulic Reversible M.B. Plough
It is a specially designed agricultural implement used for turning the soil levels upside down, incorporating soil residues and making available more fertile layer for the new crop.
|Rs. 78,000 to 1,35,000||Rs. 70,000 to 89,500|
It is a type of machine which cuts the left over wheat stalks after cut by combine harvester thresh and blow out the straw to netted trolley attached which allows blowing of dust particles.
|Rs. 2,25,000||50 percent|
|Paddy Straw Chopper
A perfect machine for chopping all types of crop residues from Wheat, Paddy, Maize, Sorghum, Sunflower, etc.
In a single operation, it chops the left behind straw/ stubbles and spread it on the ground.
|Rs. 1,00,000 to 2,30,000||Rs. 67,200 to 1,40,000 (depending upon type)|
|Turbo Happy Seeder
Happy Seeder is a unique technique which is used for sowing seed without any burning of crop residues.
Turbo happy seeder is a planter capable of direct drilling in the fields with surface retention of residues and without any soil disturbance.
|Rs. 1,30,000||Rs. 72,800 to 78,400
(depending upon type)
Used for mulching of straws of crops such as rice, maize, sunflower and tobacco residues easily.
This machine shreds the weeds and stock of row crops in field.
|Rs. 1,50,000||50 percent|
It is used to collect and cut hay or straw into windrows for later collection (e.g. by a baler).
It is also designed to fluff up the hay and turn it over so that it may get dry.
It is used to compress raked residues of rice, wheat, fodders, sugarcane, legumes etc. into compact bales that are easy to handle, transport, and store.
|Rs. 2,25,000 to 18,00,000||–|
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